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Getting Started Guide using REST APIs in Shell with Xton Access Manager.

This page outlines several specific scenarios in which REST APIs in XTAM can be called using Shell scripts. Please note that security is strictly enforced, so ensure the account executing the scripts has the appropriate permissions to access the objects in XTAM.

Looking for REST API examples with PowerShell scripts? Click here to learn more.

The following scripts are provided as an example of what is possible, however they can and should be customized to meet your requirements including outside script integration, formatting and proper error handling.

Please note that our examples include use of curl for execution and jq for JSON parsing. Ensure these packages are deployed prior to executing the scripts or customize them to fit your needs.

 
 

Create a Record
Provides the ability to create a new record with the defined parameters.

folderId="183320"   # ID of Parent Folder
typeId="1724"   #  ID of Record Type
recordName="Record Name"   # Record Name (required)
recordDescription="Record Description"  # Record Description (optional)

rhost="host.company.com"   # Host URL
rport="22"   # Host Port
ruser="user"   # Host User
rpassword="myPassw0rd"   # Host Password
rparameters={\"Host\":\"$rhost\",\"Port\":\"$rport\",\"User\":\"$ruser\",\"Password\":\"$rpassword\"}

curl -s $auth -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type:application/x-www-form-urlencoded" -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X POST  \
--data "name=$recordName&description=$recordDescription" --data-urlencode "custom=$rparameters" \
$url/rest/record/new/$folderId/$typeId

echo Done

 
 

Create a Folder
Provides the ability to create a new folder with the defined parameters.

folderId="183320"   # ID of Parent Folder
folderName="Folder Name"   # Folder Name (required)
folderDescription="Folder Description"   # Folder Description (optional)

curl -s $auth -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type:application/json" -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X POST  \
--data "{\"name\":\"$folderName\",\"description\":\"$folderDescription\"}" $url/rest/folder/create/$folderId

echo Done

 
 

Retrieve Root Folder
Provides the ability to retrieve the Root Folder (All Records) and its parameters including ID.

rootFolder=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/folder/root)

rootFolderId=$(echo $rootFolder | jq -r '.id')

#echo $rootFolder   # Retrieve all Root Folder parameters
echo id:$rootFolderId   # Retrieve Root Folder ID
echo Done

 
 

List Folder Content
Provides the ability to list all content of the specified folder.

folderId="183320"    # Folder ID

allContent=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/folder/list/$folderId)

allNamesOnly=$(echo $allContent | jq '.[] | .name, .id')

#echo $allContent    # Get all Content parameters
echo $allNamesOnly    # Get all Content "Names" and ID only

echo Done

 
 

Retrieve a Record
Provides the ability to retrieve the parameters of an existing record excluding the password.

recordId="168351"   # Record ID

record=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/record/get/$recordId)
recordname=$(echo $record | jq -r '.name')
check_status "Failed to unlock record"

recorduser=$(get_custom "$record" "User")
check_status "Failed to parse response"

echo $recordname: $recorduser
echo $record
echo Done

 
 

Retrieve a Record with Password (Unlock)
Provides the ability to retrieve the parameters of an existing record including the password.

recordId="168351"   # Record ID

record=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/record/unlock/$recordId)
recordname=$(echo $record | jq -r '.name')
check_status "Failed to unlock record"

recorduser=$(get_custom "$record" "User")
recordpassword=$(get_custom "$record" "Password")
check_status "Failed to parse response"

echo $recordname: $recorduser / $recordpassword
echo Done

 
 

Retrieve a Record Field (Unlock)
Provides the ability to retrieve a single parameter from a record’s field including the password.

recordId="168351"   # Record ID
$field="Password"   # The (internal) Name of the field

record=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/record/unlock/$recordId/$field)
check_status "Failed to unlock record"

recorduser=$(get_custom "$record" "User")
recordpassword=$(get_custom "$record" "Password")
check_status "Failed to parse response"

echo $field: $record
echo Done

 
 

Update a Record
Provides the ability to update an existing record.

recordId="183323"   # Record ID
recordName="Updated Name"   # Updated Record Name
recordDescription="Updated Description"   # Updated Record Description

rhost="host1.company.com"   # Updated Host URL
rport="3389"   # Updated Host Port
ruser="user1"   # Updated Host User
rpassword="myPassw0rd1"   # Updated Host Password
rparameters={\"Host\":\"$rhost\",\"Port\":\"$rport\",\"User\":\"$ruser\",\"Password\":\"$rpassword\"}

curl -s $auth -H "Accept: application/json" -H "Content-Type:application/x-www-form-urlencoded" -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X PUT  \
--data "name=$recordName&description=$recordDescription" \
--data-urlencode "custom=$rparameters" \
$url/rest/record/update/$recordId

echo Done

 
 

Download a File
Provides the ability to download a file (certificate, SSH key, secured file) associated to a record.

recordId="183323"   # Record ID
fieldName="Cert"   # Internal Name of Field that contains the file

curl -O -J $auth $url/rest/content/record/$recordId/$fieldName

echo Done

 
 

Share a Record or Folder
Provides the ability to share a record or folder with other users or groups.

shareUser="user"   # Share object with User or Group Login

shareUserParam=$(curl -s $auth $url/rest/user/ensure/$shareUser)
shareUserId=$(echo $shareUserParam | jq -r '.id')

objectId="186460"   # Record or Folder ID to Share
userId=$shareUserId
recordControl="View"   # Permission Options: View / Unlock / Edit / Admin
sessionControl="None"   # Permission Options: None / Recording / Connect
taskControl="None"   # Permission Options: None / Execute / Review / Manage

curl -s $auth -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X POST -d "" $url/rest/permissions/share/$objectId/$userId/$recordControl/$sessionControl/$taskControl

echo Done

 
 

Delete a Record
Provides the ability to delete an existing record.

recordId="186008"   # ID of Record to Delete
folderId="183320"   # Parent Folder ID

curl -s $auth -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X DELETE $url/rest/record/delete/$folderId/$recordId

echo Done

 
 

Search for Objects (Record or Folder)
Provides the ability to search for existing records or folders.

searchTerm="object name"   # Value to Search
searchTerm=${searchTerm// /%20}

results=$(curl -s $auth -X GET $url/rest/record/find/View/$searchTerm)
searchResults=$(echo $results | jq '.[] | .name, .id')

echo Results:
echo $searchResults   # Displays results as "Object Name" Object ID
#echo $results   # Displays all parameters of Objects returned in results
echo Search Complete

 
 

List Record Types
Provides the ability to output a list of all currently available Record Types.

recordTypes=$(curl -s $auth -X GET $url/rest/recordtype/list)
recordTypeNamesId=$(echo $recordTypes | jq '.[] | .name, .id')

echo $recordTypeNamesId   # Output as "Record Type Name" Record Type ID
echo Done

 
 

Database Export (Decrypted)
Provides the ability to output a list of all currently available Record Types.

curl -s $auth -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X PUT $url/rest/application/export/false

echo Done

 
 

Database Export (Encrypted)
Provides the ability to output a list of all currently available Record Types.

curl -s $auth -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X PUT $url/rest/application/export/true

echo Done

 
 

Database Import
Provides the ability to output a list of all currently available Record Types.

exportName="xtamexp-20180313152316-120"   # Export file name

curl -s $auth -H "X-XSRF-TOKEN: $apitoken" -X PUT $url/rest/application/import/$exportName

echo Done

 
 


API Token
To provide protection against Cross-Site Request Forgery (CSRF) attacks each XTAM API function that changes something in the system (mostly, POST, PUT and DELETE REST methods) requires an API Token passed using X-XSRF-TOKEN header. To obtain a token, an XTAM REST client has to request it from XTAM server by calling /rest/user/whoami function that sets XSRF-TOKEN cookie with the value of the token. Below is the example of Shell function that obtains the API token from XTAM server by the server base URL and authentication string. See examples of using this token in the code samples above.

function api_token {
    base=${1}
    auth=${2}

    whoami=$(curl -D whoami.tmp -s $auth $base/user/whoami)
    apitoken=$(cat whoami.tmp | grep "Set-Cookie" |cut -c 13- | cut -d "=" -f 2 | cut -d ";" -f 1)
    rm whoami.tmp
    echo $apitoken
}

 

API token enforcement could be disabled by defining parameter xtam.api.token.verification=false

 


Secure Authentication
XTAM provides several methods for authenticating, first is a standard, non-federated username and password login, the second is a more robust federated login experience that supports multi-factor authentication and additional options and the third is using Authentication Tokens. Depending on how your XTAM installation is configured, the following authentication methods will be used.
 

Standard Authentication (non-federated)
If your login experience to XTAM is a simple prompt like the one shown below, then you will use the following to authenticate using our REST APIs.

XTAM Non-federated simple Login Prompt

#!/bin/bash

cookies=$(mktemp)
curl_opts="-s"

function cleanup {
    rm -f ${cookies}
}

trap cleanup EXIT

function check_exe() {
  which "$1" >/dev/null 2>&1
  if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]; then
      (>&2 echo "Required executable [$1] not found. Please install it using system package manager.")
      (>&2 echo "Exiting.")
      exit 1
  fi
}

function check_status() {
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        echo $1
        exit 1
    fi
}

function cas_auth {
    base=${1}
    cas_base=${2}
    username=${3}
    password=${4}

    # get TGT ticket from Location header
    tgt_location=$(curl ${curl_opts} -X POST -D - ${cas_base}/v1/tickets -d "username=${username}" -d "password=${password}" | grep "^Location" | cut -d":" -f 2- | tr -d \\r\\n)

    if [ -z "${tgt_location}" ]; then
        (>&2 echo "CAS authentication failed: unable to obtain TGT ticket")
        exit 1
    fi

    # get service ticket from TGT
    service_ticket=$(curl ${curl_opts} -X POST ${tgt_location} -d "service=${base}/")

    if [ -z "${service_ticket}" ]; then
        (>&2 echo "CAS authentication failed: unable to exchange TGT to service ticket")
        exit 1
    fi

    # write session cookie to file
    curl $curl_opts --cookie-jar ${cookies} $base/?ticket=$service_ticket

    # print curl auth string to stdout
    echo "--cookie ${cookies}"
}

function get_custom {
    record=$1
    field=$2

    echo $record | jq -r ".custom | fromjson | .${field}"
}

check_exe curl
check_exe jq

url="http://localhost:8080/xtam"   # XTAM URL
user="admin"   # XTAM User
#password="myPassw0rd"   # Optionally define your XTAM User's Password

read -p "Enter $user password: " -s password   # Prompt for XTAM User's Password
echo

auth="-u $user:$password"

# Your code starts here

 

Federated Authentication
If your login experience to XTAM is a federated sign-in page like the one shown below, then you will use the following to authenticate using our REST APIs.

XTAM Federated Login Prompt

#!/bin/bash

cookies=$(mktemp)
curl_opts="-s"

function cleanup {
    rm -f ${cookies}
}

trap cleanup EXIT

function check_exe() {
  which "$1" >/dev/null 2>&1
  if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]; then
      (>&2 echo "Required executable [$1] not found. Please install it using system package manager.")
      (>&2 echo "Exiting.")
      exit 1
  fi
}

function check_status() {
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        echo $1
        exit 1
    fi
}

function cas_auth {
    base=${1}
    cas_base=${2}
    username=${3}
    password=${4}

    # get TGT ticket from Location header
    tgt_location=$(curl ${curl_opts} -X POST -D - ${cas_base}/v1/tickets -d "username=${username}" -d "password=${password}" | grep "^Location" | cut -d":" -f 2- | tr -d \\r\\n)

    if [ -z "${tgt_location}" ]; then
        (>&2 echo "CAS authentication failed: unable to obtain TGT ticket")
        exit 1
    fi

    # get service ticket from TGT
    service_ticket=$(curl ${curl_opts} -X POST ${tgt_location} -d "service=${base}/")

    if [ -z "${service_ticket}" ]; then
        (>&2 echo "CAS authentication failed: unable to exchange TGT to service ticket")
        exit 1
    fi

    # write session cookie to file
    curl $curl_opts --cookie-jar ${cookies} $base/?ticket=$service_ticket

    # print curl auth string to stdout
    echo "--cookie ${cookies}"
}

function get_custom {
    record=$1
    field=$2

    echo $record | jq -r ".custom | fromjson | .${field}"
}

check_exe curl
check_exe jq

url="https://xtam.company.com/xtam"   # XTAM URL
cas_url="https://xtam.company.com/cas"   # XTAM Signin Page URL
user="admin"   # XTAM User
#password="myPassw0rd"   # Optionally define your XTAM User's Password

read -p "Enter $user password: " -s password   # Prompt for XTAM User's Password
echo

auth=$(cas_auth $url $cas_url $user $password)

# Your code starts here

 

Token Authentication
If you are using Authentication Tokens, then you will use the following to authenticate using our REST APIs.
#!/bin/bash

cookies=$(mktemp)
curl_opts="-s"

function cleanup {
    rm -f ${cookies}
}

trap cleanup EXIT

function check_exe() {
  which "$1" >/dev/null 2>&1
  if [ "$?" -ne 0 ]; then
      (>&2 echo "Required executable [$1] not found. Please install it using system package manager.")
      (>&2 echo "Exiting.")
      exit 1
  fi
}

function check_status() {
    if [ $? != 0 ]; then
        echo $1
        exit 1
    fi
}

function token_auth {
    base=${1}
    cas_base=${2}
    token=${3}

    # get service ticket from TGT 
    hdr=$(curl -si "${cas_base}/login?service=${base}/" -H "token:${token}" | grep "^Location")
    service_ticket=$(echo ${hdr} | cut -d"=" -f 2- | tr -d \\r\\n)

    if [ -z "${service_ticket}" ]; then
        (>&2 echo "CAS authentication failed: unable to exchange token to service ticket")
        exit 1
    fi

    # write session cookie to file
    curl $curl_opts --cookie-jar ${cookies} $base/?ticket=$service_ticket

    # print curl auth string to stdout
    echo "--cookie ${cookies}"
}

function get_custom {
    record=$1
    field=$2

    echo $record | jq -r ".custom | fromjson | .${field}"
}

check_exe curl
check_exe jq

url="https://xtam.company.com/xtam"   # XTAM URL
cas_url="https://xtam.company.com/cas"   # XTAM Signin Page URL
token="yourXTAMtoken"   # XTAM Token

auth=$(token_auth $url $cas_url $token)

# Your code starts here

 
 

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